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- Evidence for Direct Geographic Influences on Linguistic Sounds: The Case of Ejectives
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Essays cover Caucasian languages,43 is on a Malayo-Polynesian language Indonesian , and cover languageisolates Burushaski, Ket, and Sumerian.
Phonologies of Asia and Africa: Including the Caucasus, Vol. 2 by - cerocreiseamno.ml
It is also a passionate call toarms for linguists of the descriptive persuasion who agree with Kaye's view that''linguistics deals with languages and, in particular, should deal more withexotic tongues. Bello Bubaand Jonathan Owens' essay on Glavda describes a particularly interestinglanguage that was virtually undescribed before. This is an inspiring set of volumes. The expertise represented in its pages isalmost overwhelming, as are the copious quantities of data in the essays.
Evidence for Direct Geographic Influences on Linguistic Sounds: The Case of Ejectives
Itseems, therefore, that this work is an absolute success with respect to thegoals set forth by the editor. It is also quite an impressive testament to theeditor that such a who's-who of language experts contributed to the collection. The papers are of consistently high quality in terms of their depth ofdescription, less so in their clarity. Some e.
One example is Wolf Leslau's essay on Amharic; in that case the sparse style isa good thing because there is such a wealth of data much of it quite usefullyorganized into paradigms that the paper takes up 51 pages even without a lot ofexposition. Several of the authors helpfully attempt to contextualize the morphologicaldescriptions. Some do a particularly nice job of integrating the discussion ofmorphology with other areas of interest in the same language, particularlyphonology.
For example, Robert Hoberman's essay on Maltese contains a luciddiscussion of a 'ghost consonant' that has played a major role in analyses ofMaltese phonology, and Grover Hudson's contribution on Highland East Cushiticlanguages discusses a fascinating process in Hadiyya taboo language thatreplaces a syllable and the onset of the following syllable of a word thatshares its first syllable with the name of a woman's father-in-law. As Hudsonpoints out, this replacement pattern is problematic for the notion that rules ofthis type must refer to some element of the prosodic hierarchy such as a mora,syllable, or foot.
Other authors' essays raise issues of historical and dialectological interest. For example, Gregory Anderson's contribution on Burushaski deals with threeseparate dialects and makes explicit comparisons among the three. And RussellSchuh's essay on Bade, for example, includes considerable discussion ofdevelopments in Western Bade compared with other Bade dialects and otherlanguages in the same subgroup of West Chadic.
In essays such as these, thereader has a good point of reference for understanding what is of specialinterest in the language. All of the essays contain weighty descriptions andbountiful data, but some will be of more use than others for non-specialistreaders due to their varying efforts to situate the descriptions in some widercontext, whether theoretical or comparative. Although there is much to appreciate in these volumes, it is also worth pointingout a couple of attributes of the collection that may be viewed as flaws by somereaders.
One aspect of these volumes that may disappoint is the scant coverageof certain language families, most notably Niger-Congo. According to Ethnologue,the Niger-Congo language family has 1, languages in it, while Altaic has 66languages. Yet both families are represented by the same number of essays inthis collection namely, one. Baltimore, MD: Penguin. Department of Linguistics University of Arizona P. Box Tucson, AZ [langendt anzona. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, Reviewed by Gonzalo Rubio, The Johns Hopkins University These two volumes contain 50 chapters describing the phonological systems of 50 different languages, both living and dead, spoken in Africa and Asia.
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In this first volume, Kaye should be specially praised for his excellent introduction and for his arrangement of the subjects, especially for devoting separate chapters to Ancient Hebrew and Tiberian Hebrew. More than half of the second volume deals with Indo-European languages: Hittite by H. Kaye; Gujarati —Indo-Aryan— by P. Mistry; Persian by Gernot L.
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Windfuhr; Kurdish by Ernest N. Also studied are Dravidian, Brahui 1 by J. Elfenbein; NiIo Saharan by M. Walker and William J.
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Anderson; and two unaffiliated languages, Sumerian by John Hayes and Burushaski by G. The quality and interest ofthe diverse studies are exceptional and make this book an indispensable tool for phonologists and linguists in general, but there are some minor general problems. While most bibliographies are quite exhaustive, others are extremely limited.
Also, the book could use at least a subject index assimilation, epenthesis, etc.
On the other hand Access options available:. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.